Here's a TV commercial from 1971.
But here on the Internet, at least a lot of the time,
people are more like,
I'd like to buy my tribe
a Coke® and the rest of the world can go die in
People have an us-and-them side and a more inclusive side. And advertising has an unwritten rule about which side of the customer you're allowed to talk to. For a long time brands have stuck with a kind of generic globalism, not enough to satisfy a bona fide social justice warrior but never tied up with a specific tribe. Right-wing talk radio in the USA has trouble keeping mainstream advertisers. In one case, a blogger going by "Spocko" made fair use recordings of some radio shows and raised a stink to the advertisers. Despite some legal threats, it basically worked. Most brands are risk-averse enough to stay off talk radio. Even on the web, it's news when a brand shows up sponsoring a beheading video on a jihadi site.
Do things work differently, though, when it's an algorithm placing the ad in a niche that only sympathizers can see?
Timothy B. Lee writes,
The increasing polarization of news through social media allows liberals and conservatives to live in different versions of reality. And that’s making it harder and harder for our democratic system to function.
The rapid growth of these pages combines with BuzzFeed News’ findings to suggest a troubling conclusion: The best way to attract and grow an audience for political content on the world’s biggest social network is to eschew factual reporting and instead play to partisan biases using false or misleading information that simply tells people what they want to hear. This approach has precursors in partisan print and television media, but has gained a new scale of distribution on Facebook.
Filter bubbling has been a thing for political advertising for quite a while, as Zeynep Tufekci pointed out back in 2012. Campaigns can target ethnic groups on Facebook with "voter suppression", or share misleading messages where they're harder for outsiders to track down.
What happens after the election, when tribal rage bubbles keep right on being a thing, but the political ads dry up? Are regular brand ads going to get placed on fake news, scenes of violence or threats of violence, and all the other us-versus-them crap out there? You probably wouldn't put your brand on Stormfront, but will you put your brand on one of the thousands of algorithmically micromanaged mini-Stormfronts of Facebook? Are dark posts the thing now?
This isn't a question about whose politics match with
or whether or not Facebook enables
targeting using data that we would prefer to keep
or whether or not individuals should leave
The question is whether brands are now getting comfortable
with working inside bubbles that would
not have previously been considered
People keep saying that
Google doesn't get
social, but in a way, that's a compliment.
A lot of the time, people's idea of being social
is to split up into tribes and fling Internet poo,
or worse, at each other. Part of
social is developing the ability to exploit
people's other-tribe-hating brain circuitry in the
same way that spammers took advantage of open SMTP
and SilverPush took advantage of
an opportunity to sneakily connect mobile user
(The Peter Thiel
is raising the profile of the social
filter bubble issue by putting a human face
on it. Every time Sanford Wallace's smug face
made the news in the 1990s, it motivated us to
fix up our mail servers and set up the early spam
filters. Now it's Thiel in the news, making money
on both ends of the pipeline—recruiting 4GW
on Facebook, and selling Palantir
contracts to track them down later. Ingenious
at scale. So what to invent now?)
What's great about this country is that America started the tradition where the richest consumers buy essentially the same things as the poorest. You can be watching TV and see Coca-Cola, and you know that the President drinks Coke, Liz Taylor drinks Coke, and just think, you can drink Coke, too. A Coke is a Coke and no amount of money can get you a better Coke than the one the bum on the corner is drinking. All the Cokes are the same and all the Cokes are good. Liz Taylor knows it, the President knows it, the bum knows it, and you know it.
That was then. But today we're not even drinking the same damn Coke. I'm drinking the version bottled in Mexico. Meanwhile, out in High Fructose Corn Syrup land, they're drinking the other kind.
And that's just Coke. Are economic inequality and social distances between tribes getting big enough that the idea of a brand-safe ad placement is over? Are brands just supposed to take sides now? That's fine for fast food and soda pop, but what happens when an IT brand that benefits from economies of scale has to pick a side?
Facebook is harming our democracy, and Mark Zuckerberg needs to do something about it by Timothy B. Lee (6 Nov 2016)